The “elements” leave a lot to negotiate
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There are less than 48 hours left before the end of the Cop27. In the early hours of the morning, the Egyptian presidency issued a second, 20 page sketch “elements” that a cover text might include.
It is not a text that has been discussed by the countries, but elements reflecting what Egypt gathered from the consultations with the countries. Formal negotiations on the text have not yet started.
A proposal from India, which has gained momentum among vulnerable countries and the EU, to phase out all fossil fuels failed to enter.
Instead, the document repeats what was agreed last year in Glasgow and reaffirmed by G20 leaders in Bali on Wednesday on coal power.
Under the heading “urgent action to keep 1.5C within reach”, the document repeats the language of the Paris Agreement to “pursue efforts” to limit the temperature rise to 1.5C.
Elsewhere, the text “notes” that climate impacts will be much lower at 1.5°C, “calls on” all countries to review and strengthen their 2030 climate plans in line with 1.5°C, and “emphasizes the need for immediate, deep and rapid emissions”. cuts.
Drawing inspiration from a recent statement by grassroots emerging economies, he proposes “to express deep regret that those developed countries that have the most financial and technological capacity to lead in reducing their emissions continue to fail to do so. “.
He adds: “Developed countries are expected to achieve net negative carbon emissions by 2030.”
Indian Energy Minister Raj Kumar Singh previously called on rich countries to go beyond net zero emissions to net negative emissions by sucking more carbon from the atmosphere than they emit.
If Egypt wants to secure a successful outcome, it must urgently bring the discussion into the negotiating rooms.
Rich countries test G77 unity
With a very limited appetite to allocate new funds for loss and damage, rich countries see the best prospects for supporting climate victims outside of the UN climate process.
Reforming multilateral development banks and the International Monetary Fund could free up significant liquidity for vulnerable people. But that won’t happen in Sharm el-Sheikh, where the developing world wants to see more engagement.
So the tactic of the developed countries here is divide and conquer: drive a wedge between the poorest and smallest nations and the big emerging economies.
The island’s leader, Gaston Browne, last week voiced his support for expanding the group of donors: “We all know that India and China…are big polluters and the polluters have to pay .” Then the solidarity of the G77 was reaffirmed and it specified that historical emissions should be taken into account in the assessment.
The EU sent its strongest signal yet that it would consider creating a new fund, as requested by the G77, with conditions attached.
“We are open to this installation, but under certain conditions,” EU climate chief Frans Timmermans told reporters gathered outside the EU pavilion on Wednesday afternoon.
“China is one of the largest economies on the planet with great financial strength. Why shouldn’t they be made co-responsible for financing loss and damage?” Timmermans said.
And he wants to keep other options on the table, with a decision to be made next year.
China already provides voluntary climate finance to developing countries. He does not want his generosity to turn into an obligation.
There are still big gaps to fill.
Brazil’s President-elect Lula da Silva was welcomed as a hero at COP27, bringing with him hope for the Amazon rainforest. Crowds chanted his name and Facetimed loved ones during his maiden speech. (Photo: Kiara Worth/UNFCCC)
Kenya joins the grounding camp
Despite all the talk of phasing out oil and gas, only a handful of countries are committing to banning or reducing production. They are generally not the ones who drilled a lot (or not at all) initially.
On Wednesday, Portugal and Washington State joined the Beyond Oil and Gas Alliance (Boga). This brings the core membership to six national governments and four sub-national governments (Greenland counting twice as part of Denmark).
Still, a Boga event on Wednesday was well attended, with activists cheering it on.
Perhaps the most significant political signal came from Kenya becoming a “friend” of Boga – the first African nation to do so. “We have proven [oil] deposits,” presidential climate adviser Ali Mohammed said, “but the Kenyan government made a deliberate choice [not to exploit them].”
Kenya’s enthusiasm for renewable energy sets it apart from countries like Senegal, Nigeria and Mozambique, which see gas as essential to their economic development.
With money provided by the Sequoia Foundation, Boga launched a €10 million seed fund to help developing countries begin their transition just beyond oil and gas production.
After reporters asked where Costa Rica is and why no major oil and gas producers are joining, Danish moderator says ‘this is not a press conference’ and turns to society civil.
A Stop Eacop activist did not play softball, however, putting France on the spot over Total’s controversial Uganda-Tanzania pipeline. Ambassador Stéphane Crouzat promised that France would not provide export subsidies for the project.
The climate the culprit – Climate change has made this year’s floods in Nigeria and neighboring countries 80 times more likely, according to the World Weather Attribution group. Flooding killed more than 600 people and displaced 1.3 million between June and October.
Data drought – The same group of scientists Were unable to estimate the influence of climate change on last year’s drought in the central Sahel, which caused a food crisis this year, due to a lack of reliable data.
trump runs – Donald Trump has announced that he will run again for President of the United States. To win the Republican nomination, he is likely to compete with Florida Governor Ron DeSantis.
Forest registrations – Vietnam and Fiji have joined the Global Forest and Climate Leadership Partnership, a UK government spokesperson told Climate Home. They join some 30 countries representing a third of the world’s forests in the partnership led by the United States and Ghana.
Gender Equality Booths – Only a third of negotiators are women at Cop27, BBC analysis find. Carbon Panties Have a similar figure. Their analysis reveals that the percentage has been trending upward for decades, but has leveled off in recent years.
Fox in the chicken coop – The head of the Gas Exporting Countries Forum, Mohamed Hamel, addressed the main conference room of Cop27. He said The “sovereign right of Africa to develop these natural gas resources must be preserved” and that “gas is the energy of sustainable development”.
Ministerial Methane – US and EU have invited the more than 100 countries that signed on to last year’s global methane pledge at a ministerial meeting tomorrow in the Amon Room at COP27. Ministers will unveil national methane action plans, “showcase progress” on energy and launch programs to reduce methane from agriculture and waste.